Differences that Stated by 3 Behaviorists - Kickstory

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Wednesday, August 4, 2010

Differences that Stated by 3 Behaviorists


There are differences of the behaviorism based to the 3 theorists. They are Watson, Pavlov and Thorndike.

Watson

Early behaviorism the process of finding identity in human and animal are happen. Based to Watson, He believed that all behavior, even that, which appeared instinctive, is the result of conditioning that occurs in response to a stimulus. When the response happens, the stimulus must take place as the first step in getting the conditioning result.
The result of conditioning that occurs in response to a stimulus is also the different that stated by Watson in behaviorism. Watson believed that humans are born with a few reflexes and the emotional reactions of love and rage every living thing for instance animal and human have the variation emotion that take place in changing the human and animal behavior. When the animal and human have the types of emotion, they can response to it to get the reactions. From this, we can see the cat loves to it owner. Moreover all other behavior is established through stimulus-response associations.

Pavlov

Pavlov stated the mean of behaviorism based to the precursor. The precursor also known as the model to the students or child in develops their behavior. Based to it, the child is able to use and apply the habit or value that they get from the model. In addition, the model or precursor is the important thing that related with the student’s ability in the behaviorism.
Next the different that stated by Pavlov is the laws of classical conditioning. Classical conditioning is a natural stimulus that produces a response (reflex action) is coupled with a conditioned stimulus so that an association is formed. Based to it behaviorism is happen when the natural stimulus is involved for example how we use our 5 senses to get the stimulus so it can produce the response from it.
To show the natural stimulus, Pavlov uses the model in his research. Based to his experiment, he finds that human and animal have the natural stimulus in produce the response. Pavlov uses the dog as his model to show the behavior of animal. Based to his experiment, he finds that animal and human have the similarities in developing the stimuli.

Thorndike

The different of the Thorndike that he stated based to the Radical behaviorism. Thorndike focused much of the behaviorism based to the attention on education, especially learning and transfer. He thought transfer happened only when the situations have identical elements and call for similar responses.
Thorndike Stated law of effects and law of exercise are involved in the behavior of human and animal. This law is influence the thinking of student’s behavior. The "law of effect" stated that when a connection between a stimulus and response is positively rewarded it will be strengthened and when it is negatively rewarded it will be weakened. The "law of exercise" held that the more an S-R (stimulus response) bond is practiced the stronger it will become.
Furthermore Thorndike stated the operant conditioning is happen behaviorism. Based to operant conditioning, it focuses to the reward and punishment. Operant conditioning is simply reinforcing a behavior or rewarding the desired response can condition a response to a stimulus. So, before the response happen the stimulus must take place. It is the important scope that transfers the behavior.
Also the operant conditioning is associations are developed as a result of the consequences of a behavior rather than its stimuli. In this situation, the stimuli is the important that related to the behavior in happen in the animal and human.

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